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Common causes of neurological damage

On Behalf of | Nov 20, 2022 | Personal Injury |

The nervous system is responsible for transmitting critical messages to your body. It controls your thoughts and movements and how you respond and react to the outside world.

Those suffering from neurological damage typically find it difficult to function normally. Severe nerve injuries can even affect autonomous functions like breathing and digestion.

3 types of nerve damage

Neurapraxia is a relatively minor condition arising when nerves become crushed but not severed completely. Although it will take time to heal physically (days, weeks, etc.), this injury is the least likely to result in lifelong problems.

Axonotmesis is more severe and damages the myelin sheath and axon of the nerve fiber. Recovery will likely take weeks, and there is a risk of permanently losing movement and sensation.

Neurotmesis is the most catastrophic injury because it completely severs the nerve, leading to paralysis in most cases. Many victims of neurotmesis require lifetime care and assistance.

How do negligent nerve injuries occur?

Neurological damage can occur in several ways, including sporting incidents and natural aging. Unfortunately, negligence is another way such injuries arise. 

For example:

  • Dog attacks and bites when the owner fails to handle or restrain the animal owner
  • Surgical or medical malpractice if health professionals injure nerves during a procedure
  • Catastrophic motor vehicle accidents arising out of reckless, drunken or distracted driving

Negligent slips, trips and falls can also result in neurological damage. If a property owner fails to keep their premise reasonably free of hazards, they may be legally and financially liable for the harm people sustain.

The negligence factor is important because it allows you to obtain restitution for another party’s carelessness. Explore South Carolina’s injury compensation laws to learn more about filing a claim.